Copyright © 1997 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Warren, Wilson J. "Evangelical Paternalism and Divided Workers: the Nonunion Era at John Morrell and Company in Ottumwa, 1877-1917." The Annals of Iowa 56 (1997), 321-348.
Available at: http://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol56/iss4/2