Copyright © 1999 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Carpenter, Daniel P. "From Patronage to Policy: the Centralization Campaign and Iowa Post Offices, 1890-1915." The Annals of Iowa 58 (1999), 273-309.
Available at: http://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol58/iss3/3