Copyright © 2001 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Mckay, Joyce. "Reforming Prisoners and Prisons: Iowa's State Prisons—The First Hundred Years." The Annals of Iowa 60 (2001), 139-173.
Available at: https://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol60/iss2/4