Copyright © 2002 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Hamm, Thomas D. "The Divergent Paths of Iowa Quakers in the Nineteenth Century." The Annals of Iowa 61 (2002), 125-150.
Available at: http://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol61/iss2/3