Copyright © 2002 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Mahoney, Timothy R. "The Rise and Fall of the Booster Ethos in Dubuque, 1850-1861." The Annals of Iowa 61 (2002), 371-419.
Available at: http://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol61/iss4/2