Copyright © 2003 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Butchart, Ronald E.; and Rolleri, Amy F. "Iowa Teachers Among the Freedpeople of the South, 1862-1876." The Annals of Iowa 62 (2003), 1-29.
Available at: http://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol62/iss1/3