Copyright © 2006 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Finnegan, Dorothy E. "A Potent Influence: The YMCA and YWCA at Penn College, 1882–1920s." The Annals of Iowa 65 (2006), 1-34.
Available at: http://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol65/iss1/2