Copyright © 2006 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Hartley, William G. "The Place of Mormon Handcart Companies in America's Westward Migration Story." The Annals of Iowa 65 (2006), 101-123.
Available at: http://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol65/iss2/3