Copyright © 2006 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Smith, Don H. "Leadership, Planning, and Management of the 1856 Mormon Handcart Emigration." The Annals of Iowa 65 (2006), 124-161.
Available at: http://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol65/iss2/4