Copyright © 2006 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Carter, Lyndia M. "Handcarts Across Iowa: Trial Runs for the Willie, Haven, and Martin Handcart Companies." The Annals of Iowa 65 (2006), 190-225.
Available at: http://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol65/iss2/6