Copyright © 2009 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Stek, Pam. "Muchakinock: African Americans and the Making of an Iowa Coal Town." The Annals of Iowa 68 (2009), 37-63.
Available at: http://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol68/iss1/3