Download Full Text (65.2 MB)

Download Front Matter (633 KB)

Download Contents, Terminological Prolegomena, Acknowledgments, Abbreviations (1937 KB)

Download Part I. Chapter 1 Numbers (2392 KB)

Download Chapter 2. An Introductory Illustration: The Joker in the Trinitarian Formula—What Are “Administrative” Employees and Why Are They Excluded? (3101 KB)

Download Part II. Chapter 3. Universal Eight-Hour Initiatives in California, Oregon, and Washington in 1914, and the Dispute Between the Socialists and the American Federation of Labor (1706 KB)

Download Chapter 4. Accentuating and Blurring the Distinction Between the Actual and the Basic Eight-Hour Day: Railway Workers, the Adamson Act, and World War I (1289 KB)

Download Part III. Chapter 5. Prolog: “Brain Toilers” Under the Alien Contract Labor Immigration Laws from the 1880s to the 1930s (2918 KB)

Download Chapter 6. State and Federal Laws (1887 KB)

Download Chapter 7. National Recovery Administration Codes of Fair Competition (4682 KB)

Download Chapter 8. International Labor Organization Hours Conventions (1797 KB)

Download Part IV. Chapter 9 The Vacuous Legislative and Puzzling Regulatory History: 1937-38 (3340 KB)

Download Chapter 10. Abortive Statutory Amendments to Exclude Even More White-Collar Workers: 1938 to World War II (3653 KB)

Download Chapter 11. Employers Switch Strategies: From Relying on an Anti-Labor Congress to Capturing a Pro-Labor Wage and Hour Division (1157 KB)

Download Chapter 12. The 1940 White-Collar Overtime Regulatory Hearings (5564 KB)

Download Chapter 13. The Stein Report and the Revised Regulations (2874 KB)

Download Chapter 14. The Early Post-World War II Finishing Touches: The Weiss Report (3145 KB)

Download Chapter 15. Planned Obsolescence of the Salary-Level Tests (4357 KB)

Download Chapter 16. Employers Finally Get a Republican Administration with “Moxie”: The Proposed Regulations of 2003 (3593 KB)

Download Chapter 17. The AFL-CIO’s Choreography of the Congressional Counterattack to Blunt the Worst Excrescences: The Final Regulations of 2004 (2762 KB)

Download Part V. Chapter 18. The Nineteenth Century (2257 KB)

Download Chapter 19. From World War I Through World War II (2919 KB)

Download Chapter 20. The Post-World War II Period (4199 KB)

Download Part VI. Chapter 21. The Exclusion of White-Collar Workers from Overtime Regulation in the Rest of the World (2580 KB)

Download Bibliography, Index, Postcript (3327 KB)

Publication Date



Fănpìhuà Press


Iowa City

Total Pages

xlvii, 1342

ISBN of print version



Overtime, Hours of labor, White collar workers, Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938

Rights Information

© 2004 Marc Linder

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.

“Time And A Half’s The American Way:” a history of the exclusion of white-collar workers from overtime regulation, 1868-2004