DOI

10.17077/drivingassessment.1135

Location

Rockport, Maine

Date

28-6-2005

Session

Nissan Distinguished Keynote Lecture

Abstract

The characteristics of the more than 15 million drivers involved in traffic crashes in the US annually depart markedly from those of a random sample of the US population. In particular, males are far more likely to crash than females, and young drivers far more likely to crash than older drivers. Sex and age differences are examined not only for drivers, but for road users who are not drivers, and for situations unrelated to traffic. Consistent differences are found, and these relate to intrinsic hormonal differences. While much of the traffic-crash problem originates at a fundamental behavioral and physiological level, this does not mean that there cannot be highly effective countermeasures. However, it does underline that such intrinsic human characteristics must be acknowledged when countermeasures are sought.

Rights

Copyright © 2005 the author(s)

DC Citation

Proceedings of the Third International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design, June 27-30, 2005, Rockport, Maine. Iowa City, IA: Public Policy Center, University of Iowa, 2005: 1-1.

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Jun 28th, 12:00 AM

Sex and the Single-Vehicle Crash

Rockport, Maine

The characteristics of the more than 15 million drivers involved in traffic crashes in the US annually depart markedly from those of a random sample of the US population. In particular, males are far more likely to crash than females, and young drivers far more likely to crash than older drivers. Sex and age differences are examined not only for drivers, but for road users who are not drivers, and for situations unrelated to traffic. Consistent differences are found, and these relate to intrinsic hormonal differences. While much of the traffic-crash problem originates at a fundamental behavioral and physiological level, this does not mean that there cannot be highly effective countermeasures. However, it does underline that such intrinsic human characteristics must be acknowledged when countermeasures are sought.