DOI

10.17077/drivingassessment.1206

Location

Stevenson, Washington

Date

10-7-2007

Session

Session 1 – Lectures Tools-Simulation - Research Methods

Abstract

The occlusion technique was originally used to evaluate the cognitive demands of the roadway. Recently, the occlusion technique has been used as a cost-effective tool for assessing the visual demand of in-vehicle devices. Occlusions simulate glances from an in-vehicle device to the roadway by interrupting visual sampling. However, occluding the in-vehicle device does not impose any additional cognitive demand on the participant like true glances back to the roadway. The purpose of this study was to compare standard no-task occlusions with occlusions requiring participants to perform a visual-motor tracking task. Results suggest that overestimates of resumability may result by not including a task during occlusions. Furthermore, estimations of visual demand based on individual post-occlusion resumption times may provide a more precise measure of transition costs and resumability than measures based on Total Shutter Open Time.

Rights

Copyright © 2007 the author(s)

DC Citation

Proceedings of the Fourth International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design, July 9-12, 2007, Stevenson, Washington. Iowa City, IA: Public Policy Center, University of Iowa, 2007: 2-8.

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Jul 10th, 12:00 AM

R We Fooling Ourselves: Does the Occlusion Technique Shortchange R Estimates?

Stevenson, Washington

The occlusion technique was originally used to evaluate the cognitive demands of the roadway. Recently, the occlusion technique has been used as a cost-effective tool for assessing the visual demand of in-vehicle devices. Occlusions simulate glances from an in-vehicle device to the roadway by interrupting visual sampling. However, occluding the in-vehicle device does not impose any additional cognitive demand on the participant like true glances back to the roadway. The purpose of this study was to compare standard no-task occlusions with occlusions requiring participants to perform a visual-motor tracking task. Results suggest that overestimates of resumability may result by not including a task during occlusions. Furthermore, estimations of visual demand based on individual post-occlusion resumption times may provide a more precise measure of transition costs and resumability than measures based on Total Shutter Open Time.