Location

Stevenson, Washington

Date

11-7-2007

Session

Session 8 – Posters

Abstract

Drivers often drive at a closer time headway (THW) in fog than in clear whether conditions for similar speed ranges (White & Jeffery, 1980). Closer following is generally considered more dangerous. The hypothesis pursued in this paper is that drivers experience a perceptual-motor benefit from driving closer in fog that results in greater (or equivalent) safety and reduced driving demand. A computational car following model with an experimentally constructed perceptual module is introduced and used to demonstrate that under some conditions, closer following in fog is indeed beneficial because it effectively reduces drivers’ perceptual delay by a sufficient amount to improve controllability of the gap so much that the variability in THW reduces more than (or as much as) the adopted decrease in target THW.

Rights

Copyright © 2007 the author(s)

DC Citation

Proceedings of the Fourth International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design, July 9-12, 2007, Stevenson, Washington. Iowa City, IA: Public Policy Center, University of Iowa, 2007: 452-458.

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Jul 11th, 12:00 AM

A Cybernetic Perspective on Car Following in Fog

Stevenson, Washington

Drivers often drive at a closer time headway (THW) in fog than in clear whether conditions for similar speed ranges (White & Jeffery, 1980). Closer following is generally considered more dangerous. The hypothesis pursued in this paper is that drivers experience a perceptual-motor benefit from driving closer in fog that results in greater (or equivalent) safety and reduced driving demand. A computational car following model with an experimentally constructed perceptual module is introduced and used to demonstrate that under some conditions, closer following in fog is indeed beneficial because it effectively reduces drivers’ perceptual delay by a sufficient amount to improve controllability of the gap so much that the variability in THW reduces more than (or as much as) the adopted decrease in target THW.