Location

Bolton Landing, New York

Date

19-6-2013

Session

Session 7 – Poster Session B

Abstract

In the current study we examined age-related difference in the use of visual information in regulating braking. Younger and older drivers were presented with computer generated 3-D scenes simulating driving on a roadway towards three red stop signs at a constant speed. The task of the drivers was to control braking and to stop as close as possible to the stop signs. The texture density on the ground, initial time to contact (TTC) and initial distance from the stop signs were manipulated. We found that older drivers had larger mean stop distance and lower crash rate than younger drivers. In addition, older drivers, as compared to younger drivers, tended to regulate more frequently at values larger than -0.5 and less frequently at values smaller than -0.5. These results, taken together, suggest that older drivers may use a more conservative strategy to control braking in order to avoid collisions.

Rights

Copyright © 2013 the author(s)

DC Citation

Proceedings of the Seventh International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design, June 17-20, 2013, Bolton Landing, New York. Iowa City, IA: Public Policy Center, University of Iowa, 2013: 320-326.

Share

COinS
 
Jun 19th, 12:00 AM

The Effect of Aging and Ground Texture on the Control of Braking

Bolton Landing, New York

In the current study we examined age-related difference in the use of visual information in regulating braking. Younger and older drivers were presented with computer generated 3-D scenes simulating driving on a roadway towards three red stop signs at a constant speed. The task of the drivers was to control braking and to stop as close as possible to the stop signs. The texture density on the ground, initial time to contact (TTC) and initial distance from the stop signs were manipulated. We found that older drivers had larger mean stop distance and lower crash rate than younger drivers. In addition, older drivers, as compared to younger drivers, tended to regulate more frequently at values larger than -0.5 and less frequently at values smaller than -0.5. These results, taken together, suggest that older drivers may use a more conservative strategy to control braking in order to avoid collisions.