Presenter Information

Hisham Jashami
Masoud Abadi

Location

Manchester Village, Vermont

Date

28-6-2017

Session

Session 3 — Lectures Younger & Older Drivers

Abstract

Using a cell phone while driving has been shown to have a negative impact on driver performance. To determine why younger drivers persist in using cell phones while driving, underlying causal factors which contribute to selfreported usage were investigated. A total of 2,340 drivers, from high schools and universities located in Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington responded to a survey instrument. Drivers were asked to self-report their frequency of distraction and their opinion about what activities are driving distractions. The objective was to determine what factors impact the driver choice to interact with a cell phone (talking or texting) while driving. A random parameter ordered-probit model was developed to predict the likelihood that a driver self-reported cell phone activity while driving as “infrequent”, “moderate”, or “frequent”. It was found that the behaviors of texting and talking while driving were highly correlated. The developed models suggest that presence of friends in the car, parents frequently exhibiting distracted driving, more miles of driving, history of speeding tickets, crash history, having a full driver’s license, owning an iPhone, and being female increases the likelihood of self-reported distracted driving. It was found that experienced drivers were more likely to talk and less likely to text while driving.

Rights

Copyright © 2017 the author(s)

DC Citation

Proceedings of the Ninth International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design, June 26-29, 2017, Manchester Village, Vermont. Iowa City, IA: Public Policy Center, University of Iowa, 2017: 144-150.

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Jun 28th, 12:00 AM

Factors Contributing to Self-Reported Cell Phone Usage by Younger Drivers in the Pacific Northwest

Manchester Village, Vermont

Using a cell phone while driving has been shown to have a negative impact on driver performance. To determine why younger drivers persist in using cell phones while driving, underlying causal factors which contribute to selfreported usage were investigated. A total of 2,340 drivers, from high schools and universities located in Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington responded to a survey instrument. Drivers were asked to self-report their frequency of distraction and their opinion about what activities are driving distractions. The objective was to determine what factors impact the driver choice to interact with a cell phone (talking or texting) while driving. A random parameter ordered-probit model was developed to predict the likelihood that a driver self-reported cell phone activity while driving as “infrequent”, “moderate”, or “frequent”. It was found that the behaviors of texting and talking while driving were highly correlated. The developed models suggest that presence of friends in the car, parents frequently exhibiting distracted driving, more miles of driving, history of speeding tickets, crash history, having a full driver’s license, owning an iPhone, and being female increases the likelihood of self-reported distracted driving. It was found that experienced drivers were more likely to talk and less likely to text while driving.