Date of Degree
PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)
Psychological and Quantitative Foundations
Timothy N. Ansley
The purpose of this study was to extend Glas and Vos's (1998) Bayesian procedure to the 3PL IRT model by using the MCMC method. In the context of fixed-length mastery tests, the Bayesian decision-theoretic procedure was compared with two conventional procedures (conventional- Proportion Correct and conventional- EAP) across different simulation conditions. Several simulation conditions were investigated, including two loss functions (linear and threshold loss function), three item pools (high discrimination, moderate discrimination and real item pool) and three test lengths (20, 40 and 60). Different loss parameters were manipulated in the Bayesian decision-theoretic procedure to examine the effectiveness of controlling false positive and false negative errors. The degree of decision accuracy for the Bayesian decision-theoretic procedure using both the 3PL and 1PL models was also compared. Four criteria, including the percentages of correct classifications, false positive error rates, false negative error rates, and phi correlations between the true and observed classification status, were used to evaluate the results of this study. According to these criteria, the Bayesian decision-theoretic procedure appeared to effectively control false negative and false positive error rates. The differences in the percentages of correct classifications and phi correlations between true and predicted status for the Bayesian decision-theoretic procedures and conventional procedures were quite small. The results also showed that there was no consistent advantage for either the linear or threshold loss function. In relation to the four criteria used in this study, the values produced by these two loss functions were very similar. One of the purposes of this study was to extend the Bayesian procedure from the 1PL to the 3PL model. The results showed that when the datasets were simulated to fit the 3PL model, using the 1PL model in the Bayesian procedure yielded less accurate results. However, when the datasets were simulated to fit the 1PL model, using the 3PL model in the Bayesian procedure yielded reasonable classification accuracies in most cases. Thus, the use of the Bayesian decision-theoretic procedure with the 3PL model seemed quite promising in the context of fixed-length mastery tests.
Copyright 2007 Ming-Chuan Hsieh
Hsieh, Ming-Chuan. "An investigation of a Bayesian decision-theoretic procedure in the context of mastery tests." dissertation, University of Iowa, 2007.