Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Degree

Summer 2014

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In

Chemistry

First Advisor

Sarah C. Larsen

Abstract

Silica is one of the most abundant elements on the planet, has flexible bonding properties and generally excellent stability. Because of these properties, silica has been a vital component in technologies ranging from ancient glassware to modern supercomputers. Silica is able to form a wide range of materials both alone and as a component of larger material frameworks. Porous silica based nanomaterials are rapidly growing in importance because of their many applications in a wide variety of fields. This thesis focuses on the synthesis of silica based porous nanomaterials: nanocrystalline zeolites, mesoporous silica nanoparticles, and iron oxide core/shell nanocomposites. The synthetic conditions of these materials were varied in order to maximize efficiency, minimize environmental impact, and produce high quality material with far reaching potential applications. The materials were characterized by physicochemical techniques including Transmission Electron Microscopy, Dynamic Light Scattering, Powder X-Ray Diffraction, Solid State NMR, and Nitrogen Adsorption Isotherms. The materials were evaluated and conditions were controlled to produce high yields of quality nanomaterials and hypothesize methods for further synthetic control. The products will be used in studies involving nanoparticle toxicity, environmental remediation, and drug delivery.

Keywords

Iron Oxide, Mesoporous Silica, Nanoparticles, Zeolite

Pages

xi, 90 pages

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 80-90).

Copyright

Copyright 2014 Paul Steven Mueller

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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