Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Degree

Spring 2015

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In

Education

First Advisor

Michael Teague

Second Advisor

Ernest T. Pascarella

Abstract

This study examined the effects of perceived sleep deprivation on psychological well-being using multiple linear regression techniques on a longitudinal, multi-institutional sample of students at four-year universities and colleges. Using a College Outcomes model as a theoretical foundation, this study examined perceived sleep deprivation's influence on psychological well-being at the end of four academic years, while controlling for institutional and student background characteristics that are theoretically associated with psychological well-being. Pre-test and post-test data from the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education (WNS) created findings suggesting sleep deprivation is positively related to total psychological well-being and the six subscales composing the complete measure (self-acceptance, autonomy, environmental mastery, positive relationships with others, purpose in life, and personal growth). This study contributes to college outcome models by supporting the claims for the importance of healthy, habitual sleep in relation to student's ability to achieve overall psychological well-being, as well as the six subscales of the total model. This study has implications for higher education and public health policy, including practical applications for those involved with higher education, including students, staff, faculty, and administrators.

Public Abstract

The purpose of this study is to better understand the relationships between sleep and well-being. An important type of well-being is psychological well-being. When we are psychologically well, we have more positive life outlooks, better relationships with our friends and family, think more highly of ourselves, feel more capable to deal with life’s adversities, trust more in who we are, and overall, just feel better. In general, when people feel that they have psychological well-being, they also feel that their lives are more pleasant to live. This is a good thing, and we as human beings should seek ways to maximize our psychological well-being.

An important question this study addresses is the relationship between your sleep and your psychological well-being. How do you feel when you have a full night’s sleep? Are you rested, alert, clear-minded, and ready to take on your day? Now, compare this to how you feel when you are sleep deprived. We all know what it feels like to have enough sleep, or unfortunately, to be sleep deprived. Intuitively, we know when people lack sleep they feel a decline in their psychological well-being. Perhaps lack of sleep makes an individual less positive, damages relationships with others, or causes a person to feel less able to deal with life’s stresses.

This study seeks to better understand the unique relationship between sleep deprivation and psychological well-being. By better understanding if and how sleep deprivation influences psychological well-being, individuals can realize the importance of consistent, restful sleep.

Keywords

publicabstract, College, Eudiamonic, Psychological Well-being, Sleep

Pages

x, 135 pages

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 107-135).

Copyright

Copyright 2015 Mia Ann Richter

Included in

Education Commons

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