Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Degree

Summer 2015

Degree Name

DMA (Doctor of Musical Arts)

Degree In

Music

First Advisor

Benjamin Coelho

Abstract

L'horloge de flore (The Flower Clock or Flora's Clock) by Jean Françaix was commissioned by John de Lancie, former principal oboist of the Philadelphia Orchestra in 1957. It was completed in 1959 and premiered by Mr. de Lancie and the Philadelphia Orchestra in 1961. Since that time, it has become a staple of the 20th century oboe concerto repertoire.

The current piano reduction of Jean Françaix's L'horloge de Flore consists of the full orchestral score in piano score format. Since it has been only minimally edited, it is an extremely difficult accompaniment for a single pianist. Collaborative pianists must make decisions concerning which pitch material to incorporate into an accompaniment. Many oboists have expressed the need for a revised piano accompaniment to make the piece more accessible to pianists and, thus, enable the concerto to be studied and performed more frequently by oboists.

The purpose of this document is to further facilitate performance of this work in a recital setting by both professional and student oboists and to encourage student oboists to study the work by revising the piano reduction. In order to do so, it will be necessary to provide commentary and background on similar oboe works by Jean Françaix, provide a theoretical analysis of L'horloge de Flore, offer performance suggestions of the work for the oboist, clearly discuss transcriptional decisions in the revised piano reduction, and create a practical, two-hand piano accompaniment.

Public Abstract

L’Horloge de Flore (The Flower Clock or Flora’s Clock) is an oboe concerto by Jean Françaix. It was commissioned by John de Lancie, former principal oboist of the Philadelphia Orchestra, in 1957. The piece was completed in 1959 and first performed by Mr. de Lancie and the Philadelphia Orchestra in 1961. Since that time, it has become a popular oboe concerto.

When the piece is performed in a recital setting, the orchestral parts are played by the piano. The current piano part for L’Horloge de Flore is an extremely difficult accompaniment for a single pianist. There are more notes than physically possible for one person to play. Many oboists have expressed the need for a revised piano accompaniment to make the piece more accessible to pianists and, thus, enable the concerto to be studied and performed more frequently by oboists.

The purpose of this document is to further facilitate performance of this work in a recital setting by both professional and student oboists. This work is an important part of oboe repertoire from its time and style of composition. Revising the piano reduction will encourage student oboists to study it. In order to create an effective new reduction, it will be necessary to provide commentary and background on similar oboe works by Jean Françaix, provide a theoretical analysis of L’Horloge de Flore, offer performance suggestions of the work for the oboist, clearly discuss note choices in the revised piano reduction, and create a practical, two-hand piano accompaniment.

Keywords

publicabstract, Flower Clock, Francaix, John de Lancie, oboe

Pages

ix, 103

Bibliography

101-103

Copyright

Copyright 2015 Jennifer Marie Wohlenhaus Bloomberg

Included in

Music Commons

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