Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Degree

Fall 2014

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In

Applied Mathematical and Computational Sciences

First Advisor

Ching-Long Lin

Abstract

Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) have grown in popularity beyond the original video game enthusiast audience. They have been embraced by the high-performance computing community due to their high computational throughput, low cost, low energy demands, wide availability, and ability to dramatically improve application performance. In addition, as hybrid computing continues into mainstream applications, the use of GPUs will continue to grow. However, due to architectural difference between the CPU and GPU, adapting CPU-based scientific computing applications to fully exploit the potential speedup that GPUs offer is a non-trivial task. Algorithms must be designed with the architecture benefits and limitations in mind in order to unlock the full performance gains afforded by the use GPU. In this work, we develop fast GPU methods to improve the performance of two important components in computational lung modeling - image registration and particle tracking. We first propose a novel method for multi-level mass-preserving deformable image registration. The strength of this method is that it allows for flexibility of choice for the similarity criteria to be used by the registration method, making possible the implementation of simple and complex similarity measures on the GPU with excellent performance results. The method is tested using three similarity criteria for registering two CT lung datasets - the commonly used sum of squared intensity differences (SSD), the sum of squared tissue value differences (SSTVD), and a symmetric version of SSTVD currently being developed by our research group. The GPU method is validated against a previously validated single-threaded CPU counterpart using six healthy human subjects, and demonstrated strong agreement of results. Separately, three GPU methods were developed for tracking particle trajectories and deposition efficiencies in the human airway tree, including a multiple-GPU method. Though parallelization was straightforward, the complex geometry of the lungs and use of an unstructured mesh provided challenges that were addressed by the GPU methods. The results of the GPU methods were tested for various numbers of particles and compared to a previously validated single-threaded CPU version and demonstrated dramatic speedup over the single-threaded CPU version and 12-threaded CPU versions.

Keywords

Algorithms, GPU, Mass-Preserving Methods, Multi-level Norigid Image Registration, Particle Tracking, Symmetric Methods

Pages

xv, 103 pages

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 96-103).

Copyright

Copyright © 2014 Nathan David Ellingwood

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