Date of Degree
MS (Master of Science)
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Keri C. Hornbuckle
The organosilicon compounds octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4), decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5), and dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane (D6) are high production volume chemicals that are widely used in household goods and personal care products. Due to their prevalence and chemical characteristics, cyclic siloxanes are being assessed as possible persistent organic pollutants. D4, D5, and D6 were measured in indoor and outdoor air to quantify and compare siloxane concentrations and compound ratios depending on location type. Indoor air samples had a median concentration of 2200 ng m-3 for the sum of D4, D5, and D6. Outdoor sampling locations were over Lake Michigan near Chicago, downtown Chicago, Cedar Rapids, IA, and West Branch, IA, and had median sum siloxane levels of 300, 280, 73, and 29 ng m-3 respectively. A diurnal trend is apparent in the samples taken in downtown Chicago. Nighttime samples had a median 2.7 times higher on average than daytime samples, which is due, in part, to the fluctuations in the height of the planetary boundary layer. D5 was the dominant siloxane in both indoor and outdoor air. Ratios of D5 to D4 averaged 91 and 3.2 for indoor and outdoor air respectively.
vi, 34 pages
Includes bibliographical references (pages 32-34).
Copyright 2013 Rachel Yucuis