Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Degree

Spring 2009

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In

Biomedical Engineering

First Advisor

Geoffrey Mclennan

Abstract

Research involved in modeling human lung disease conditions has provided insight into disease development, progression, and treatment. In particular, mouse models of human pulmonary disease are increasingly utilized to characterize lung disease conditions. With advancements in small animal imaging it is now possible to investigate the phenotypic differences expressed in inbred mouse strains in vivo to investigate specific disease conditions that affect the lung.

In this thesis our aim was to generate a comprehensive characterization of the normative mouse lung phenotypes in three of the most utilized strains of mice, C57BL/6, A/J, and BALB/c, through imaging techniques. The imaging techniques that we utilized in this research included micro-CT, a custom Large Image Microscope Array (LIMA) system for 3D microscopy, and classical histology. Micro-CT provided a non-destructive technique for acquiring in vivo and fixed lung images. The LIMA 3D microscopy system was utilized for direct correspondence of the gold standard histology images as well as to validate the anatomical structures and measurements that were extracted from the micro-CT images. Finally, complete lung histology slices were utilized for assessment of the peripheral airspace structures that were not resolvable using the micro-CT imaging system.

Through our developed imaging acquisition and processing strategies we have been able to successful characterize important phenotypes in the mouse lung that have not previously been known as well as identify strain variations. These findings will provide the scientific community with valuable information to be better equipped and capable of pursuing new avenues of research in investigating pulmonary disease conditions that can be modeled in the mouse.

Keywords

3D Microscopy, Micro-CT, Mouse Airways, Mouse Lung Phenotypes, Small Animal Imaging

Pages

xiv, 193 pages

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 151-157).

Comments

This thesis has been optimized for improved web viewing. If you require the original version, contact the University Archives at the University of Iowa: http://www.lib.uiowa.edu/sc/contact/.

Copyright

Copyright 2009 Jacqueline Thiesse Namati

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