Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Degree

Spring 2012

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In

Biomedical Engineering

First Advisor

Madhavan L. Raghavan

Abstract

Objective: To assess neck angulation and endograft oversizing as factors contributing to folding. Endograft folding will then be assessed on its role in endograft fixation strength. Methods: Bench top flow loop experiments were performed with barbless Gore Excluder endovascular grafts (EVG) that were deployed into silicone aorta-AAA models with neck angles of 0, 30, and 60. A total of five oversizings were tested: -7%, 2%, 12%, 24%, and 38% with N= 3 for each oversizing at each neck angle for a total of 45 experiments. Photographs of the stent apex to apex distances were taken for the entire circumference of the device for a total of 8 photos per experiment. Measurements of the apex to apex distance were taken for the top three stent layers and variance for each stent layer was calculated. Variances for all three stent layers were summed to represent the folding metric. The silicone model was then removed from the flow loop and placed on the uniaxial extension tester to for pull out testing to assess impact on attachment strength. Results: Neck angle and oversizing increases folding risk at oversizing ≥12% for 0° and 30° neck angles, and ≥ 2% oversizing for a 60° neck angle. Folding metric comparison between 0° vs. 30° and 0° vs. 60° across all oversizings had statistical significance (Mann-Whitney U, p

Keywords

abdominal aortic aneurysm, endovascular graft, folding, neck angulation, oversizing, silicone phantoms

Pages

x, 109 pages

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 105-109).

Copyright

Copyright 2012 Kathleen Lin

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