Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Degree

Fall 2009

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In

Chemistry

First Advisor

Sarah C. Larsen

Abstract

Silicalite-1 crystals and hollow tube structures were synthesized and functionalized with amine and sulfur containing groups. The adsorption behavior of metal ions (Pb2+, CrO4-) in aqueous solution was investigated on nanocrystalline zeolites functionalized with amines and thiols. Nanocrystalline zeolites with a diameter of 30-50 nm and external surface areas around 100 m2/g were functionalized with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (3-APTES) and 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (3-MPTMS). The materials were characterized by 29Si magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction. The adsorption of metal ions from aqueous solutions of Pb (NO3)2 and Na2Cr2O7 was measured by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy. The effects of various conditions such as pH and concentration were studied to optimize adsorption. Adsorption on functionalized mesoporous silica (MS) was conducted for comparison to the functionalized zeolites.

Magnetic zeolite/iron composites were prepared using nanoscale and commercial faujasite zeolites. The composites were functionalized with amine groups to facilitate chromate adsorption under acidic conditions. The materials were characterized using nitrogen adsorption, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravametric analysis, FTIR spectroscopy, and Mossbauer spectroscopy. The adsorption of chromium was evaluated using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP/OES) to monitor solution chromium quantitatively. The removal of the composites with a magnet was demonstrated. The materials were then evaluated for the adsorption of Cr6+ using ICP-OES to detect chromium.

Iron containing zeolite composites were prepared using nanoscale faujasite zeolites. The composites were functionalized with amine groups and Fe ions to facilitate arsenate(As V) adsorption under a variety of pH conditions. The materials were characterized using nitrogen adsorption, X-ray diffraction, thermogravametric analysis and FTIR spectroscopy, and Mossbauer spectroscopy. The adsorption of arsenic was evaluated using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP/OES) to monitor solution concentration quantitatively. The removal of the composites with a magnet was demonstrated. Kinetics and pH dependence of the adsorption were studied.

Keywords

adsorption, arsenic, chromium, heavy metals, zeolites

Pages

viii, 86 pages

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 80-86).

Copyright

Copyright 2009 Karna Nicole Barquist

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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