Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Degree

Summer 2012

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In

Anthropology

First Advisor

James G. Enloe

Abstract

The transition from a hunting and gathering to a farming lifestyle is an important historical and archaeological topic. In the U.S. Southwest specifically, the Basketmaker II (BM II) time period (1500 B.C. to A.D. 500) marks the entrance of maize-based agriculture into the region. Most attention regarding the BM II diet has thus focused on the use of domesticated plant resources, while the economic importance of wild animals has been less systematically studied. This project seeks to redress this imbalance by synthesizing the faunal data from 31 BM II sites to investigate how BM II communities across the northern Southwest utilized wild animal resources. Most specifically, this project will look at how the diet of the region's first farmers varied over time and across space, considering how environmental change, population density, and length of site occupation may have impacted these patterns.

Keywords

Agriculture, Basketmaker, Southwest, Zooarchaeology

Pages

xxii, 372 pages

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 321-372).

Copyright

Copyright 2012 Cerisa R. Reynolds

Included in

Anthropology Commons

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