Date of Degree
PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)
Kate E. Gfeller
The purposes of this study were to research the current inclusive practices in primary school music education in the Republic of Korea (ROK), identify issues that hamper optimal inclusion, and develop instructional strategies and recommendations to assist general educators in the accommodation of students with disabilities in their music classes.
Analyses of public documents from the government of the ROK reveal that since the enactment of the Special Education Promotion Law (1977), there has been an increase in the number of students with disabilities educated inclusively. The current curricular requirements of the universities of education regarding general educators' music instruction and special education are limited. Furthermore, the government-mandated "Seventh Music Curriculum" (used in every ROK primary school) indicated no accommodation for use with students who have disabilities. Consequently, primary school general educators, while often expected to provide inclusive music instruction, have little preparation or resources available to assist them in making appropriate instructional modifications.
Because of the limited pedagogical or research information available within the ROK, additional information regarding the accommodation of students with disabilities was obtained from special education and music education resources in the United States. These resources provided the basis for pedagogical strategies developed for adapted lesson plans for grades three through six.
As these findings suggest, initiatives such as improved pre-service and in-service training are needed to prepare general educators in effective instructional methods and accommodations for inclusive music education. In-service training for such teachers could possibly be provided by music therapists if the therapists are fully conversant with the instructional difficulties faced by the teachers.
The current development of the Eighth Curriculum by the South Korean government provides an excellent opportunity to include information on students with disabilities within the teacher's manuals. Additional resource materials for the teachers would also be beneficial. Future studies are needed regarding teacher competencies, pre-service preparation, in-service training, and needs assessment regarding inclusive music education.
Copyright 2009 Eun Jew Kim
Kim, Eun Jew. "Inclusive music education in the Republic of Korea: policies and adaptive instruction for general educators of primary school students with disabilities." PhD diss., University of Iowa, 2009.