Date of Degree
PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)
In the analysis of survival outcome supplemented with both clinical information and high-dimensional gene expression data, traditional Cox proportional hazard model fails to meet some emerging needs in biological research. First, the number of covariates is generally much larger the sample size. Secondly, predicting an outcome with individual gene expressions is inadequate because a gene's expression is regulated by multiple biological processes and functional units. There is a need to understand the impact of changes at a higher level such as molecular function, cellular component, biological process, or pathway. The change at a higher level is usually measured with a set of gene expressions related to the biological process. That is, we need to model the outcome with gene sets as variable groups and the gene sets could be partially overlapped also.
In this thesis work, we investigate the impact of a penalized Cox regression procedure on regularization, parameter estimation, variable group selection, and nonparametric modeling of nonlinear eects with a time-to-event outcome.
We formulate the problem as a partially linear additive Cox model with high-dimensional data. We group genes into gene sets and approximate the nonparametric components by truncated series expansions with B-spline bases. After grouping and approximation, the problem of variable selection becomes that of selecting groups of coecients in a gene set or in an approximation. We apply the group Lasso to obtain an initial solution path and reduce the dimension of the problem and then update the whole solution path with the adaptive group Lasso. We also propose a generalized group lasso method to provide more freedom in specifying the penalty and excluding covariates from being penalized.
A modied Newton-Raphson method is designed for stable and rapid computation. The core programs are written in the C language. An user-friendly R interface is implemented to perform all the calculations by calling the core programs.
We demonstrate the asymptotic properties of the proposed methods. Simulation studies are carried out to evaluate the finite sample performance of the proposed procedure using several tuning parameter selection methods for choosing the point on the solution path as the nal estimator. We also apply the proposed approach on two real data examples.
adaptive group lasso, Cox Model, grouped variable selection, group lasso, high dimensional, penalized regression
Copyright 2010 Li Liu