Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Degree

Fall 2010

Degree Name

DMA (Doctor of Musical Arts)

Degree In

Music

First Advisor

Anthony Arnone

Abstract

Although women have slowly been accepted in America's top orchestras, they are still a minority. Certain instrument sections remain predominantly male in spite of the implementation of blind auditions. Inconsistency in the use of the screen in blind auditions is partially responsible for the lack of women in orchestras, but the problem is seeded in cultural constructions that act as barriers for female brass, percussion and string bass players. Gender constructions have dictated that women should not play instruments that are loud, heavy or require physical exertion. Nonetheless, many women have shown that they are capable of performing as well as men on these instruments. Brass players are often the highest paid in an orchestra, thus women musicians face economic discrimination when they face bias at the hiring level or in the workplace.

Keywords

Blind auditions, Brass, Gender, Orchestra, Percussion, Women

Pages

viii, 101 pages

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 93-101).

Copyright

Copyright 2010 Amy Louise Phelps

Included in

Music Commons

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