Date of Degree
PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)
Daniel F. Eberl
In a quest to better understand hereditary human deafness we focus on the motor protein myosin VIIA (MyoVIIA), mutations in which underlie dysfunctions in auditory, vestibular and visual processes. Proposed MyoVIIA inner ear functions include tethering transduction channels, trafficking proteins and anchoring hair cell stereocilia by associating with adherens junctions. Fueled by the interest to expand our knowledge of MyoVIIA actions in mechanotransduction we focus on its Drosophila melanogaster homologue, Crinkled (Ck). Drosophila's auditory organ, Johnston's Organ (JO), is evolutionarily related to the vertebrate auditory organ.
Electrophysiology indicates that Ck is necessary for JO transduction. Microscopy shows apically detached JO transduction units (scolopidia), disrupting stimulus propagation to scolopidia in ck mutants. A scolopidial component (the dendritic cap) is malformed in the absence of Ck and is most likely responsible for detachment. Antibody labeling, rescue and dominant negative experiments establish Ck as functionally necessary in JO cells. While Ck is enriched near cell junctions, it is not necessary for their integrity or the localization of ?-catenin, a junctional component. Moreover, Ck is not necessary for localizing TRPV channel subunits or NompA, a dendritic cap component.
When we inactivate ck rescue in adult flies, we find that Ck is important for maintaining JO organization. Furthermore, we show that Ck is important for JO organization from early phases of JO development, but that it is not necessary for initial scolopidial alignment.
Based on previous reports that non-muscle myosin regulatory protein (spaghetti squash, sqh), Drosophila Rho-kinase (Drok) and myosin phosphatase (DMBS) regulate non-muscle myosin II activity (zipper, zip), and based on zip genetically interacting with ck in wing cells, we investigate ck interactions with the above genes in JO. We find that ck interacts genetically with sqh and DMBS, but not with Drok or zip, evidencing a genetic pathway that may differ in part from ones previously described.
In conclusion, Crinkled is important for Drosophila auditory transduction through organizational, physiological, developmental and maintenance roles in JO, at least in part through a possible role in dendritic cap component transport/deposition. Crinkled function in JO is affected by non-muscle myosin light chain protein and protein phosphatase.
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Copyright 2005 Sokol Todi
Todi, Sokol. "Investigating auditory transduction functions of myosin VII in Drosophila melanogaster." dissertation, University of Iowa, 2005.