Insight: The Journal of the American Society of Ophthalmic Registered Nurses
Central, paracentral, and peripheral corneal thickness measurements using ultrasound pachymetry and keratometry readings were performed in 303 normal corneas. The mean central corneal thickness was 515 ± 34 pm (standard deviation) ranging from 410 to 625 pm. Mean paracentral thickness measurements ranged from 522 ± 40 pm interiorly to 574 ± 41 pm superiorly; mean peripheral thickness measurements ranged from 633 ± 50 pm interiorly to 673 ± 49 pm superiorly. Central corneal thickness measurements were not found to be correlated with age, however, paracentral and peripheral thickness measurements tended to become thinner with age. There was also a trend that central corneal thickness decreased as the average keratometry reading increased. These trends, however, were not statistically significant. The mean difference between right and left central corneal thicknesses was 25 pm, ranging from zero to 136 pm. No significant differences in corneal thickness or keratometry readings were found between males and females or right and left eyes. No differences in these measurements were found with regard to time of day, month of the year, or systemic medication use. We conclude that there is a wide range of corneal thickness centrally, paracentrally, and peripherally in normal corneas.
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Rapuano C, Fishbaugh J, Strike D. Nine point corneal thickness measurements and keratometry readings in normal corneas using ultrasound pachymetry. Insight: The Journal of the American Society of Ophthalmic Registered Nurses. December 1993;18(4):16-22 7p.
Copyright © 1993 American Society of Ophthalmic Registered Nurses. Posted by permission.