Multiple subduction components in the mantle wedge; evidence from eruptive centers in the central Southern volcanic zone, Chile
In the Andean Central Southern volcanic zone, basalts from small eruptive centers near the large composite center Volcan Villarrica are poor in fluid mobile elements, such as B, Cs, Rb, K, Pb, Ba, and U, compared with concurrently erupted Villarrica basalts. New (super 10) Be and U-series isotopic data for these centers show that fluid mobile element-poor small eruptive center basalts have small (super 10) Be/ (super 9) Be ratios (1.6-1.9X10 (super -11) ) and ( (super 238) U/ (super 230) Th) activity ratios near 1.0, whereas basalts from Villarrica show (super 238) U enrichment and larger (super 10) Be/ (super 9) Be ratios (4.0-6.4X10 (super -11) ). These results suggest that small eruptive center basalts include materials derived from the subducted lithosphere that were stored in the mantle wedge for 350 k.y. to 3 m.y. That these materials are poor in fluid mobile elements may reflect fluid expulsion during solidification or their formation in an initially hotter subduction setting. In contrast, the composite center basalts sample materials rich in fluid mobile elements that were recently transferred into the mantle wedge from the subducted lithosphere. The results confirm that mantle wedges in subduction zones include subducted materials added to the wedge over both long and short time scales.
Published Article/Book Citation
Geology (Boulder), 30:3 (2002) pp.199-202.