Poster Title (Current Submission)

Promoting Consistent use of Distraction for Children Undergoing Medical Procedures in an Emergency Treatment Center (ETC)

Major(s)

Nursing

Mentor Name

Charmaine Kleiber and Ann Marie McCarthy

Mentor Department

Nursing

Abstract

Background and Aim: Although distraction is a widely accepted intervention for helping children cope with painful medical procedures, it’s not consistently used in some busy ETCs. Protocols are needed to ensure consistent use of a distraction coach, such as a staff member or family member, to help children cope with medical procedures in busy ETCs. The purpose of this project is to present an educational program to create awareness of children’s need for assistance during medical procedures and to reinforce the consistent use of effective distraction techniques.

Innovation: Following IRB approval, this program will be implemented in a large university based level I Trauma center with pediatric commitment. Over 50 staff nurses and 20 nursing assistants will be invited to participate. The program will be in the form of a PowerPoint that will demonstrate the appropriate use of distraction materials available (such as books, toys, and stuffed animals), as well as imbedded video clips demonstrating how distraction can be successfully implemented during procedures. The program will be available on the computers in the ETC to be viewed when participants have free time. Pre- implementation data will be collected by surveying ETC staff nurses and nursing assistants; the survey will include questions regarding whether distraction is being used, knowledge of distraction techniques, and barriers to the use of distraction. Post-implementation data will be collected two months after completion of the educational program and will include survey questions similar to the pre- implementation surveys; they will be used to evaluate the success of the educational program.

Evaluation: Frequencies will be used to compare pre and post data. It is expected that this program will increase the use of distraction and promote awareness regarding the need for consistent use of distraction to help children cope during medical procedures in the ETC. If successful, the educational program could be expanded to other hospitals and organizations for the purpose of quality improvement.

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Promoting Consistent use of Distraction for Children Undergoing Medical Procedures in an Emergency Treatment Center (ETC)

Background and Aim: Although distraction is a widely accepted intervention for helping children cope with painful medical procedures, it’s not consistently used in some busy ETCs. Protocols are needed to ensure consistent use of a distraction coach, such as a staff member or family member, to help children cope with medical procedures in busy ETCs. The purpose of this project is to present an educational program to create awareness of children’s need for assistance during medical procedures and to reinforce the consistent use of effective distraction techniques.

Innovation: Following IRB approval, this program will be implemented in a large university based level I Trauma center with pediatric commitment. Over 50 staff nurses and 20 nursing assistants will be invited to participate. The program will be in the form of a PowerPoint that will demonstrate the appropriate use of distraction materials available (such as books, toys, and stuffed animals), as well as imbedded video clips demonstrating how distraction can be successfully implemented during procedures. The program will be available on the computers in the ETC to be viewed when participants have free time. Pre- implementation data will be collected by surveying ETC staff nurses and nursing assistants; the survey will include questions regarding whether distraction is being used, knowledge of distraction techniques, and barriers to the use of distraction. Post-implementation data will be collected two months after completion of the educational program and will include survey questions similar to the pre- implementation surveys; they will be used to evaluate the success of the educational program.

Evaluation: Frequencies will be used to compare pre and post data. It is expected that this program will increase the use of distraction and promote awareness regarding the need for consistent use of distraction to help children cope during medical procedures in the ETC. If successful, the educational program could be expanded to other hospitals and organizations for the purpose of quality improvement.