This study examines Byzantine enamel medallions of the 11th century that represent empresses in encounters with holy figures. In addition to arguing for a date and identification of the empresses, the article examines what the medallions say about female authority in Byzantium in the first half of the eleventh century.
Recommended CitationKotsis, Kriszta. "Mothers of the Empire: Empresses Zoe and Theodora on a Byzantine Medallion Cycle." Medieval Feminist Forum 48, no. 1 (2012):5-96.
Available at: http://ir.uiowa.edu/mff/vol48/iss1/2 (accessed 5-21-2013).