Title

A conceptual model of factors influencing children's responses to a painful procedure when parents are distraction coaches

Document Type

Article

Peer Reviewed

1

Publication Date

4-1-2006

Journal, Book or Conference Title

Journal of pediatric nursing

NLM Title Abbreviation

J Pediatr Nurs

PubMed ID

16545669

DOI

10.1016/j.pedn.2005.06.007

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to present a model of factors that may influence a child's response to a painful procedure when parents are distraction coaches during the procedure. Nonpharmacological interventions, in particular, distraction, and parents as coaches for their children during procedures are discussed. A conceptual model is presented that illustrates the multiple factors and their possible relationships. A selected review of studies is provided that supports the inclusion of these factors in the model. The model and literature review focus on three major areas: characteristics of the child, characteristics of the parent, and procedural variables. The model presented is currently being tested in a large multisite study on the use of distraction during intravenous line insertion.

Keywords

Attention, Child, Child Psychology, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Male, Models, Psychological, Pain/prevention & control/psychology, Parent-Child Relations, Parents/psychology

Published Article/Book Citation

The definitive version was published in Journal of pediatric nursing, 21:2 (2006) pp.88-98. DOI:10.1016/j.pedn.2005.06.007.

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URL

http://ir.uiowa.edu/nursing_pubs/800