Title

Impact of parent-provided distraction on child responses to an IV insertion

Document Type

Article

Peer Reviewed

1

Publication Date

1-1-2010

Journal, Book or Conference Title

Children's Health Care

NLM Title Abbreviation

Child Health Care

DOI

10.1080/02739611003679915

Abstract

This study evaluates the impact of parent-provided distraction on children's responses (behavioral, physiological, parent, and self-report) during an IV insertion. Participants were 542 children, 4 to 10 years old, randomized to an experimental group that received a parent distraction coaching intervention or to routine care. Experimental group children had significantly less cortisol responsivity (p = .026). Children that received the highest level of distraction coaching had the lowest distress on behavioral, parent report, and cortisol measures. When parents provide a higher frequency and quality of distraction, children have lower distress responses on most measures.

Keywords

Catheterization, Peripheral -- Psychosocial Factors, Distraction, Parents, Chi Square Test, Child, Child, Preschool, Clinical Assessment Tools, Clinical Trials, Confidence Intervals, Female, Funding Source, Human, Hydrocortisone -- Blood, Kruskal-Wallis Test, Logistic Regression, Male, Midwestern United States, Questionnaires, Random Assignment, Repeated Measures, Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test

Published Article/Book Citation

The definitive version was published in Children's Health Care, 39:2 (2010) pp.125-141. DOI:10.1080/02739611003679915.

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URL

http://ir.uiowa.edu/nursing_pubs/842