The effect of a novel glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist, SR 121566A, on platelet aggregation and activation in rhesus monkeys.
Clinical and applied thrombosis/hemostasis : official journal of the International Academy of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis
SR 121566A represents a peptidomimetic glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GP IIb/IIIa) inhibitor 3-[N- 4-[4-(aminoiminomethyl)phenyl]-1,3-thiazol-2-yl ) -N-(1-carboxymethylpiperid-4-yl) amino] propionic acid, trihydrochloride. To investigate the intravenous and subcutaneous pharmacodynamics of this agent, a primate model ( Macaca mulatta) was used. The IC50 for adenosine diphosphate (ADP) (10 micromol/L)-induced platelet aggregation in this primate platelet system was found to be 45 +/- 6 nmol/L. Comparatively in the human platelet rich plasma system, SR 121566A demonstrated an IC50 of 39 +/- 4 nmol/L. Graded doses of SR 121566A in the range of 25-400 microg/kg were administered intravenously. Blood samples were drawn from individual groups of primates (n = 4-6) at varying periods of time up to 24 hours after administration of SR 121566A. The pharmacodynamic effects were measured by platelet aggregation using ADP (10 micromol/L) as an agonist. In addition, flow cytometric methods were used to measure thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP) (6.25 micromol/L)-induced platelet activation. In the subcutaneous studies, 50, 100, 250, and 400 microg/kg of SR 121566A was administered with an identical blood-drawing schedule and analysis as with the intravenous studies. In the intravenous studies, all doses of SR 121566A produced > 80% inhibition of platelet aggregation 5 minutes after the administration of the drug. The duration of the inhibitory effect is proportional to the dose administered and the 50% recovery time ranged from 2 to 15 hours. By flow cytometry, TRAP-induced P-selectin expression was also blocked for a varying duration of time in a dose-dependent fashion. The subcutaneous studies showed > 90% inhibition of platelet aggregation, which was observed at 15 minutes after administration of both 50 and 100 microg/kg of the drug. The recovery time after the subcutaneously administered doses was found to be shorter than the intravenously administered doses. These studies demonstrate that SR 121566A is an effective platelet inhibitor with predictable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics.
Adenosine Diphosphate, Animals, Benzylamines, Drug Administration Routes, Drug Evaluation, Preclinical, Macaca mulatta, Male, P-Selectin, Piperidines, Platelet Activation, Platelet Aggregation, Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors, Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex, Thiazoles, Time Factors
This document is currently not available here.