Document Type

Article

Peer Reviewed

1

Publication Date

3-1-2016

NLM Title Abbreviation

Inj Epidemiol

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Injury Epidemiology

PubMed ID

27014562

DOI of Published Version

10.1186/s40621-016-0069-4

Total Pages

10

Abstract

Background

Contextual factors, such as exposure to stressors, may be antecedents to IPV perpetration. These contextual factors may be amenable to modification through intervention and prevention. However, few studies have examined specific contextual factors. To begin to address this gap, we examined the associations between financial stressors and three types of physical IPV perpetration.

Methods

This analysis used data from Wave IV of The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. We used logistic regression to examine the associations of financial stressors and each type of IPV (minor, severe, causing injury), and multinomial logit regression to examine the associations of financial stressors and patterns of co-occurring types of IPV perpetration (only minor; only severe; minor and severe; minor, severe, and causing injury; compared with no perpetration).

Results

Fewer men perpetrated threats/minor physical IPV (6.7 %) or severe physical IPV (3.4 %) compared with women (11.4 % and 8.8 %, respectively). However, among physical IPV perpetrators, a higher percentage of men (32.0 %) than women (21.0 %) reported their partner was injured as a result of the IPV. In logistic regression models of each type of IPV perpetration, both the number of stressors experienced and several types of financial stressors were associated with perpetrating each type of IPV. Utilities nonpayment, housing nonpayment, food insecurity, and no phone service were associated with increased odds of perpetrating each form of IPV in adjusted analysis. Eviction was associated with perpetrating severe physical IPV but not threats/minor IPV or IPV causing injury. In multinomial logit regression comparing patterns of IPV perpetration to perpetrating no physical IPV, the relationships of financial stressors were less consistent. Food insecurity was associated with perpetrating only minor physical IPV. Comparatively, overall number of financial stressors and four types of financial stressors (utilities nonpayment, housing nonpayment, food insecurity, and disconnected phone service) were associated with perpetrating all three forms of physical IPV.

Conclusions

Combined with prior research, our results suggested interventions to improve financial well-being may be a novel way to reduce physical IPV perpetration.

Keywords

OAfund, Financial stress, Stressors, Intimate partner violence, Perpetration

Journal Article Version

Version of Record

Published Article/Book Citation

Injury Epidemiology 2016 vol.3:6 DOI: 10.1186/s40621-016-0069-4

Rights

© Schwab-Reese et al. 2016

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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URL

http://ir.uiowa.edu/oeh_pubs/194