Document Type

Article

Peer Reviewed

1

Publication Date

5-1-2002

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Environmental Health Perspectives

Abstract

From July 1998 to August 1999, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences conducted the first National Survey of Lead and Allergens in Housing. The purpose of the survey was to assess children's potential household exposure to lead, allergens, and bacterial endotoxins. We surveyed a sample of 831 homes, representing 96 million permanently occupied, noninstitutional housing units that permit resident children. We administered questionnaires to household members, made home observations, and took environmental samples. This article provides general background information on the survey, an overview of the survey design, and a description of the data collection and laboratory methods pertaining to the allergen and endotoxin components. We collected dust samples from a bed, the bedroom floor, a sofa or chair, the living room floor, the kitchen floor, and a basement floor and analyzed them for cockroach allergen Bla g 1, the dust mite allergens Der f 1 and Der p 1, the cat allergen Fel d 1, the dog allergen Can f 1, the rodent allergens Rat n 1 and mouse urinary protein, allergens of the fungus Alternaria alternata, and endotoxin. This article provides the essential context for subsequent reports that will describe the prevalence of allergens and endotoxin in U.S. households, their distribution by various housing characteristics, and their associations with allergic diseases such as asthma and rhinitis.

Keywords

Allergens, Asthma, Child, Child Welfare, Endotoxins, Environmental Exposure, Health Surveys, Housing, Humans, Lead, Research Design, Sustainability

Journal Article Version

Version of Record

Published Article/Book Citation

Environmental Health Perspectives, 110:5 (2002) pp.527-532 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1240843/.

Rights

EHP is a publication of the U.S. Federal Government, and its content lies in the public domain.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work has been identified with a Creative Commons Public Domain Mark 1.0.

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URL

https://ir.uiowa.edu/oeh_pubs/27