The 1950’s was a period of notable intellectual growth and collaboration. During that period new isotopic elements evolved to new treatments for cancer patients, both women and men. The University of Iowa proved to be a fertile intellectual community where Gold 198 colloid successfully advanced survival for both ovarian and prostate cancer.

Other collaboration expanded the fields of male and female infertility. Both departments benefit from this early pioneering work to the present day.


Iowa, urology, gynecology, Rubin Flocks, Raymond Bunge, radioactive gold

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Copyright © Charles E. Hawtrey, 2013.

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