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Between 1992-1995, an estimated 20,000-50,000 women were raped during the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Twenty years later, victims of war rape continue to experience severe mental health disorders, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and multiple co-morbidities. A recent comprehensive study of rape survivors who have utilized non-governmental organization (NGO) services demonstrate alarming reports of chronic gynecologic problems. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the role of war-related sexual violence in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Specifically, it will examine the role of medical professionals in post-conflict societies, through documenting human rights abuses and providing clinical care for victims.


Women’s health, rape warfare, Bosnia-Herzegovina, transitional justice, post-conflict healthcare, sexual assault, human rights

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The author reports no conflict of interest.


Copyright © 2015 the author

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.