Intrauterine fetal demise with caudal regression syndrome, a case report
Background: The causes of intrauterine fetal demise are varied and not entirely well-understood. Multiple observational studies have shown that both perinatal and infant mortality rates are increased in children of diabetic mothers when compared to those of nondiabetic mothers.
Case: We present a case involving a 22-year-old G4P0120 with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus and a complex medical history including two first trimester fetal losses, and second trimester intrauterine fetal demise who presented during the second trimester for care and was found to have a fetus with ultrasound findings consistent with caudal regression syndrome. When she presented in labor at term intrauterine fetal demise was identified.
Discussion: Infants and fetuses of diabetic mothers are at a higher risk for congenital anomalies, one of which is the potentially devastating caudal regression syndrome. However, it appears that this risk may be lowered with strict glycemic control both before and during pregnancy.