Document Type

Article

Peer Reviewed

1

Publication Date

11-2005

NLM Title Abbreviation

J Abnorm Psychol

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of Abnormal Psychology

PubMed ID

16351375

DOI of Published Version

10.1037/0021-843X.114.4.522

Abstract

The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) groups disorders into diagnostic classes on the basis of the subjective criterion of "shared phenomenological features." There are now sufficient data to eliminate this rational system and replace it with an empirically based structure that reflects the actual similarities among disorders. The existing structural evidence establishes that the mood and anxiety disorders should be collapsed together into an overarching class of emotional disorders, which can be decomposed into 3 subclasses: the bipolar disorders (bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymia), the distress disorders (major depression, dysthymic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder), and the fear disorders (panic disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, specific phobia). The optimal placement of other syndromes (e.g., obsessive-compulsive disorder) needs to be clarified in future research.

Keywords

Anxiety Disorders, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Humans, Mood Disorders, Reproducibility of Results

Published Article/Book Citation

The definitive version was published in Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114:4 (2005) pp. 522-536. DOI: 10.1037/0021-843X.114.4.522

Rights

Author Posting. Copyright © American Psychological Association, 2005. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record. It is posted here by permission of the APA for personal use, not for redistribution.

 

URL

http://ir.uiowa.edu/psychology_pubs/3