•  
  •  
 

Peer Reviewed

1

Abstract

Offers detailed biographical information (and two photographs) of Whitman’s close friend, Fred Gray, and examines the nature of what Whitman called the “Fred Gray Association,” “a circle of New York comrades,” some of them “highly literate and upwardly mobile,” who frequented Pfaff’s beer hall and had “ties to the nearby New York Hospital”; traces Whitman’s continuing associations with Gray and his associates throughout the poet’s life.

Rights

Copyright © 2009 Stephanie M. Blalock

DOI

10.13008/2153-3695.1902

Share

COinS