Copyright © 1991 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
"The Magic of Undiscouraged Effort: the Death Penalty in Early Iowa, 1838-1878." The Annals of Iowa 50 (1991), 721-750.
Available at: https://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol50/iss7/2