Copyright © 1997 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Engelhardt, Carroll. "The Ideology and Politics of Iowa Common School Reform, 1854-1860." The Annals of Iowa 56 (1997), 201-232.
Available at: https://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol56/iss3/2