Copyright © 1999 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Bionaz, Robert E. "Trickle-Down Democracy: the Commission Government Contest in Des Moines, 1905-1908." The Annals of Iowa 58 (1999), 241-271.
Available at: https://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol58/iss3/2