Copyright © 2000 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Riney-Kehrberg, Pamela. "Helping Ma and Helping Pa: Iowa's Turn-Of-The-Century Farm Children." The Annals of Iowa 59 (2000), 115-140.
Available at: https://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol59/iss2/2