Copyright © 2002 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Fehn, Bruce; and Jefferson, Robert F. "Excavating the African American Experience in Iowa: a Review Essay." The Annals of Iowa 61 (2002), 420-426.
Available at: https://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol61/iss4/3